Biocatalysts

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  • Biocatalysts are natural catalysts, such as-enzymes or microbial cells, used to perform chemical transformations on organic compounds.

  • Enzymes are biocatalyst, and by their mere presence, and without being consumed in the process, enzymes can speed up chemical processes that would otherwise run very slowly. After the reaction is complete, the enzyme is released again, ready to start another reaction.

  • The biocatalysts, called extremozymes, produced by microorganisms are proteins that function under extreme conditions.

  • The biocatalyst in a biofuel cell may simply promote the production of simple fuels, such as hydrogen or methane, from more complicated biochemical substrates, such as sugars.

  • These are combination of enzymes, mineral nutrients, biosufactants and fatty acids which enhance both aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation of organics.

  • Biocatalyst engineering is the most time consuming step, often involving two major approaches: rational design and directed evolution.

  • Biocatalysts can constitute a significant portion of the operating budget, however their cost can be reduced by reusing them when immobilized.

  • Biocatalysis can be broadly defined as the use of biological molecules (usually enzymes) to catalyse specific chemical reactions. Enzymes are complex protein molecules. They are produced by living organisms to catalyse the biochemical reactions required for life.

  • They can be used as biocatalysts to catalyze chemical reactions on an industrial scale in a sustainable manner. Their application covers the production of desiredproducts for all human material needs (e.g., food, animal feed, pharmaceuticals, fine and bulk chemicals, fibers, hygiene, and environmental technology), as well as in a wide range of analytical purposes, especially in diagnostics.

  • Biocatalysts in bead form which contain microorganisms are particularly advantageously obtained by radical polymerization of acrylamide with methylene-bis-acrylamide in aqueous organic phase suspension when the organic phase is a highly fluorinated carbon compound. The biocatalysts thus obtained have high stability and activity and are suitable for biotechnical processes.

  • Biocatalyst capable of catalyzing a chemical conversion reaction from a substrate to a product .

  • The requirements for a useful biocatalyst are selectivity, volume efficiency, security of supply and technology integration.

  • The advantages of biocatalysts are efficient catalysts, environmentally acceptable, compatible, not bound to their natural role, catalyze a broad spectrum of reactions.

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