Chlorination

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  • Chlorination of waste water is the application of chlorine to a wastewater accomplish some definite purpose.
  • Chlorine may be applied in two general ways, gaseous and liquid.
  • In general, the effective chemical form of chlorine that either destroys the microbe or acts against odor, etc. is the same.
  • Gaseous forms of chlorine are generally first dissolved in water prior to addition to the wastewater stream
  • While liquid forms of chlorine (called hypochlorites)
  • The are sold in the form of water soluble salts.
  • Because chlorine gas generally costs less than hypochlorites,
  • It is normally used in treatment plants except in rare instances where only a relatively small amount of chlorine is needed or where the possible danger from gaseous chlorine overrides economic considerations.
  • The application of chlorine is usually controlled by special devices which are known as chlorinators,
  • Chlorinizers or by similar names.
  • Chlorination disinfects your well by destroying unhealthy bacteria and microorganisms and removing dissolved iron, manganese and hydrogen sulfide.
  •  It can be managed easily at home with common household bleach.
  • Continuous chlorination of a private water supply can be done by various methods.
  • The injection device should operate only when water is being pumped, and the water pump should shut off if the chlorinator fails
  • Chlorination is also used to sanitize the water in swimming pools and as a disinfection stage in sewage treatment.
  • In order to combat waterborne diseases, different disinfection methods are used to inactivate pathogens.
  • Along with other water treatment processes such as coagulation, sedimentation, and filtration, chlorination creates water that is safe for public consumption
  • Chlorine is obtained commercially from salt water by electrolysis.
  •  In this project, photovoltaic power was applied to an electrolysis cell to produce liquid chlorine for the purpose of sanitization in swimming pools.
  • Tests were conducted to investigate the effect of applied voltage, current, salt level, water flow rate, and duration of chlorination
  • A chlorination cell consisting of anti-corrosive plates is installed within a sealed un t in the pump line,
  • So that when the pump is operating salt water flows through the plates and is electrolyzed.
  • Wastewater chlorination is widely practiced to reduce microbial contamination and potential disease risks to exposed populations
  • Chlorine is the water treatment of choice because it is efficient, economical and easy to use.
  • Moreover, drinking water chlorination ensures the presence of a residual disinfectant throughout the water distribution system from the treatment plant to the consumer's tap.
  • The potential exists to integrate the PV into water pumping.
  • The overall PV system for chlorination and filtration

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