- Dalapon is a colorless
liquid with an acrid odor sold as sodium or magnesium salt.
- Dalapon is a type of
acid that is usually formulated with sodium and magnesium salts . The
acid itself is not used directly.
- Dalapon is nonflammable
. It is stable under normal temperatures and pressures, but it may pose
a slight fire hazard if exposed to heat or flame.
- Dalapon has a
characteristic salty taste in the sodium form .
- Dalapon is an herbicide
used to control grasses in a wide variety of crops, including fruit
trees, beans, coffee, corn, cotton and peas.
- In addition to
herbicidal activity, dalapon is a plant growth inhibitor. Conditions of
increased light and high temperature may cause nutrient
solutions or soil applications of dalapon to build up in the tops of
plants, via transpiration .
- It is used for the
control of annual and perennial grasses , dalapon is used in sugarcane,
sugarbeets, corn, potatoes, asparagus,grapes, flax, new
legume spring seedlings, citrus, and deciduous fruit; coffee, certain
stone fruits, nut trees, and on noncrop lands .
- Dalapon is absorbed by
plant roots and leaves and moved, or translocated, within plants
- It is also registered
for use in a number of non-crop applications such as lawns, drainage
ditches, along railroad tracks, and in industrial areas.
- Dalapon is moderately
toxic to humans. Skin and inhalation exposure could be of significance
to dalapon production workers, pesticide applicators, and some
agricultural workers .
- Dalapon can persist in
the soil for two to eight weeks. Its period of persistence in treated
soils is usually less than one month.
- Dalapon is not detected
below the first six-inch soil layer. Some bacteria use dalapon as an
energy source. Degradation depends on soil type, temperature, and
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