Imidacloprid

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General

  • Imidacloprid is a relatively new, systemic insecticide chemically related to the tobacco toxin nicotine.Like nicotine, it acts on the nervous system. Worldwide, it is considered to be one of the insecticides used in the largest volume.
  • It has a wide diversity of uses: in agriculture, on turf, on pets, and for household pests.
  • First registered for use as a pesticide in the U.S. in 1994, and was the first insecticide in its chemical class to be developed for commercial use.
  • It moves through plants from the place where it was applied and kills insects when they feed. ses

Uses

  • The most widely used applications for imidacloprid in California are pest control in structures, turf pest control, grape growing, and head and leaf lettuce growing.
  • Other widespread crop uses are rice, grains/cereals including corn (maize), potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, fruit, cotton, and hops.
  • Target insects include sucking insects (e.g., aphids, whiteflies, leafhoppers and planthoppers, thrips, scales, mealybugs, bugs, psyllids, and phylloxera), beetles (e.g., longhorn beetles, leaf beetles, Colorado potato beetles, rice water-weevils, wireworms, grubs, and flea beetles), and others (e.g., leafminers, some diptera, termites, locusts, and fleas).
  • As an insecticide spray, it is used on a wide variety of agricultural crops, ornamentals, and turf.

Market

  • China records 13,620 tonnes of imidacloprid technical output in 2010, accounting for more than 50% of world's total, which is 20,000 tonnes.
  • As China's imidacloprid has been playing a crucial role in global market and its position will last and even enhance in the future, investment opportunities do exist in Chinese market.
  • With the authors insights in this industry, this report will help senior executives and decision-makers responsible for formulating business development strategy or seeking competitor intelligence, to better grasp investment opportunities.

Mode of action

  • Imidacloprid works differently to other insecticides presently being marketed (i.e. carbamates, organophosphates and pyrethroids).
  • The mode of action is based on interference of the transmission of impulses in the nerve system of insects. Similar to the naturally occurring signal-transmitting acetylcholine, imidacloprid stimulates certain nerve cells by acting on a receptor protein.
  • In contrast to acetylcholine, which is quickly degraded by the enzyme acetylcholine-esterase, imidacloprid is inactivated either very slowly or not at all.
  • It has both contact and ingestion activity. The target pestís feeding activity ceases within minutes to hours, and death occurs usually within 24 - 48 hours but can take up to 7 days depending on the mode of application.
  • As to its performance: good reliable control, high selectivity, quick knock-down/protection and long residual activity are key features.

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