Leather and Leather Chemicals       Manufacturing Process, Chemicals Used , Chemicals Manufacturers,  Market , Reports                                                Primary Information Services                                                        Home. Ordering Information. Contact

 

Information @ a Glance

  • Leather is a durable and flexible material created via the tanning of putrescible animal rawhide and skin, primarily cattlehide. It can be produced through different manufacturing processes, ranging from cottage industry to heavy industry.
  • Hides and skins are the basic raw materials for the leather industry, which originate from the source of livestock.
  • Animal skins are converted to leather in an eight step process as follows Unhairing, Liming, Deliming and Bateing, Pickling, Tanning, Neutralising, Dyeing and Fat Liquoring, Drying and finally Finishing.
  • The chemicals used in the leather industry can be divided into three broad categories: Pre-tanning Chemicals, Tanning Chemicals, Finishing Chemicals.
  • Pre-tanning chemicals are used to clean and prepare skins for the tanning process and they are mostly washed away with the wastewater.
  • Tanning chemicals react with the collagen fibers of the skin to convert them into leather. These chemicals are retained in the skin but a good amount of these is discharged into wastewater. Chrome Sulphate is the basic tanning chemical.
  • Finishing chemicals are used to impart certain properties to the leather like softness, color, appearance etc.
  • The leather industry in India has many distinct advantages—strong raw material base, skilled workforce, competitive wage levels and improved awareness of global trade requirements. It has been identified as a thrust area for exports.
  • India is the third largest leather producer in the world after China and Italy.The Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports.
  • The Indian leather industry consists of 42,000 small-scale industry (SSI) units, which account for 75% of the total production.
  • The leather industry in India has many distinct advantages—strong raw material base, skilled workforce, competitive wage levels and improved awareness of global trade requirements. It has been identified as a thrust area for exports.

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