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Information @ a Glance

General Information

  • Melia dubia originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood.
  • Melia dubia is also called as a Maha neem or Forest neem. Which is fastest growing tree species, with in 6-7 years the plantation is ready to harvest.
  • It is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 1800m.
  • It is occasionally planted for ornament and makes a handsome avenue tree and a shade tree in plantations.
  • The various parts of Melia dubia (Meliaceae) plant was observed to be used by the local tribes of Nilgiris for various infections.

Cultivation

  • The rooted saplings are planted onset of the monsoon or during the monsoon. The suggested pit size is 2 x 2- 0.60m Cube. 
  • Espacement of 3.5 m x 3.5 m is recommended. This will give better girth in shorter duration. 
  • Melia dubia grows on a variety of soils; however, it grows well in deep, fertile and sandy loam soils.
  • Natural propagation is mostly through seeds and the germinability is less. 
  • It can be raised either by direct sowing or planting in nursery for raising seedlings or stumps.
  • Application of N, P, K mixture of 25 -50 g per tree, two times in a year help to augment the growth. The fertilizer requirements can be scheduled on need basis depending on the growth and development of the tree.

Uses

  • The wood is used for packing cases, cigar boxes, ceiling planks, building purposes, agricultural implements, pencils, match boxes, splints and Kattamarams. In Ceylon, it is employed for outriggers of boats.
  • It is suitable for musical instruments, tea boxes and the most importantly in making plywood, as the wood is anti-termite by itself.
  • Melia Dubia is the fastest growing tree and the wood from this tree is used in Plywood Industry.
  • It grows rapidly and is used for reforestation and yields a useful timber.

Report

  • Melia dubia has been tested positive for pulpwood and recorded a pulp yield of 50.3% along
    with kappa number of 19.60.
  • With the development of new cloned propagation of Melia dubia plantation which can be used as fire wood for power generation has opened new opportunities for small and medium bio-mass power generation projects.
  • As the demand for Melia wood is quite high from the plywood industry, minimum profit of about Rs.40,000 per year from an acre can be ensured for the farmers.
  • The wood can be sold for match and veneer industry. The tree with the minimum size of 16inches girth is saleable at the minimum rate of Rs 2000 per tonne for match industry and for veneer industry, the market rate is little higher.

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