Mycelium

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  • Mycelium (plural mycelia) is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae.

  • The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring fungi.

  • Fungal colonies composed of mycelia are found in soil and on or within many other substrates.

  •  A typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which cannot reproduce sexually when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join and form a dikaryotic mycelium, that mycelium may form fruiting bodies such as mushrooms.

  • Mushrooms aren't like plants, a single mushroom does not constitute an entire organismi n fact, the mushroom itself is not even the body of the organism it is the fruit.

  • The mycelium is there throughout the year, in the soil or in the log, and is not a static object it grows and may die it reacts to varying environmental conditions and other organisms, producing different growth forms or structures, depending on circumstances.

  • Mycofiltration is the use of mycelium as a membrane for filtering out microorganisms, pollutants, and silt.

  • Habitats infused with mycelium reduce downstream particulate flow, mitigate erosion, filter out bacteria and protozoa, and modulate water through the soil more than a mile of threadlike mycelia cells can infuse a gram of soil.

  • These fine filaments function as a cellular net that catches particles and, in some cases, digests them as the substrate debris is digested, microcavities form and fill with air or water, providing buoyant, aerobic infrastructures with vast surface areas.

  • Mycelium is vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for its role in the decomposition of plant material  it contributes to the organic fraction of soil, and its growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere.

  • The mycelium of mycorrhizal fungi increases the efficiency of water and nutrient absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant pathogens.

  • Mycelium is an important food source for many soil invertebrates

  • Mycelium are fungal threads that form a network, usually underground.

  • Mushrooms are just their fruiting bodies.

  •  Mycelium are so tiny that one cubic inch of soil can contain enough to stretch for 8 miles.

  • But mycelial networks can cover as much as thousands of acres, making certain varieties of fungi the largest organisms in the world, as well as some of the oldest.

  •  Fungi build soil by breaking down organic matter, and even cracking apart rocks.

  •  Besides that,   fungal mycelium enter into symbiotic relationships with trees and other green plants, helping them get water and nutrients from the wider environment by surrounding and even penetrating the roots.

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