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(plural mycelia) is the vegetative part of a fungus, consisting of a
mass of branching, thread-like hyphae.
The mass of
hyphae is sometimes called shiro, especially within the fairy ring
colonies composed of mycelia are found in soil and on or within many
typical single spore germinates into a homokaryotic mycelium, which
cannot reproduce sexually when two compatible homokaryotic mycelia join
and form a dikaryotic mycelium, that mycelium may form fruiting bodies
such as mushrooms.
aren't like plants, a single mushroom does not constitute an entire
organismi n fact, the mushroom itself is not even the body of the
organism it is the fruit.
is there throughout the year, in the soil or in the log, and is not a
static object it grows and may die it reacts to varying environmental
conditions and other organisms, producing different growth forms or
structures, depending on circumstances.
is the use of mycelium as a membrane for filtering out microorganisms,
pollutants, and silt.
infused with mycelium reduce downstream particulate flow, mitigate
erosion, filter out bacteria and protozoa, and modulate water through
the soil more than a mile of threadlike mycelia cells can infuse a gram
filaments function as a cellular net that catches particles and, in some
cases, digests them as the substrate debris is digested, microcavities
form and fill with air or water, providing buoyant, aerobic
infrastructures with vast surface areas.
vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for its role in the
decomposition of plant material it contributes to the organic
fraction of soil, and its growth releases carbon dioxide back into the
of mycorrhizal fungi increases the efficiency of water and nutrient
absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant
Mycelium is an
important food source for many soil invertebrates
fungal threads that form a network, usually underground.
just their fruiting bodies.
are so tiny that one cubic inch of soil can contain enough to stretch
for 8 miles.
networks can cover as much as thousands of acres, making certain
varieties of fungi the largest organisms in the world, as well as some
of the oldest.
build soil by breaking down organic matter, and even cracking apart
that, fungal mycelium enter into symbiotic relationships
with trees and other green plants, helping them get water and nutrients
from the wider environment by surrounding and even penetrating the
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