Nitro Toluene

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Information @ a Glance

  • Mono nitro toluene, or methyl nitrobenzene or nitro toluene is a group of 3 organic compounds, a nitro derivative of toluene.
  • Its chemical formula is C6H4(CH3)(NO2).
  • Mono nitro toluene comes in three isomers, differing by the relative position of the methyl and nitro groups.
  • Typical use of nitro toluene is in production of pigments, chemicals, and photographic chemicals.
  • Ortho-Mono nitro toluene and Para-mono nitro toluene can be also used as detection taggants for explosive detection.
  • Nitro toluene is a chemical used mainly in industrial applications for the production of things such as agricultural chemicals, rubber chemicals.
  • Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms.
  • The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • 4-Nitrotoluene is a colorless or light yellow crystalline solid.
  • It is readily soluble in toluene, benzene, diethyl ether, chloroform, acetone and many other organic solvents.
  • O-nitrotoluene has been found in groundwater, private well water, surface water, and soil at or near munitions production facilities and military training grounds.
  • It's also been found in the air.
  • The mono nitration of toluene results in the formation of a mixture of the ortho, meta, and para isomers of nitro toluene.
  • The presence of the methyl group
    on the aromatic ring facilitates the nitration,but it also increases the ease of oxidation as a side reaction.
  • M-Nitro toluene does not have an active methyl group as do the ortho and para isomers.
  • The toxic effects of the mono nitro toluene are similar to, but less pronounced than, those described for nitrobenzene.
  • The toxicity of alkyl nitroben-zenes decrease with an increasing number of alkyl groups and increases with an increasing number of nitro groups.
  • The mononitrotoluenes represent moderatefire hazards when exposed to sheat or flame.
  • Para-nitrotoluene (PNT), as produced, is in the form of pale yellow rhombic crystals.
  • It is non-hygroscopic, noncorrosive and exhibits good storage life.
  • Meta-nitrotoluene (MNT) is a pale yellow-green liquid as manufactured.
  • Color is fairly stable, but will discolor upon long exposure to light and air.
  • This discoloration does not affect purity and is important only where final product quality is affected by color.
  • Insoluble in water.
  • Toxic by inhalation and ingestion.
  • Ortho nitrotoluene is a pale yellow liquid with a subtle, characteristic smell, reminiscent of bitter almonds.
  • It is non-hygroscopic and noncorrosive

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