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Nylon 6 10

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Information @ a Glance

  • Polyamides can be made by combining a diamine and a dicarboxylic acid or acyl chloride.
  • Nylon, the first synthetic fibre, is a polyamide. It was developed in the United States in the 1930s and quickly became a cheap alternative to silk.
  • There are many types of nylons but the most important is nylon 6, 6; so called because each monomer contains six carbon atoms.
  • Nylon 6, 6 both as a fibre and as a plastic has a rare combination of properties—high strength,elasticity, toughness and abrasion resistance.
  • It therefore has a wide range of uses—from gear wheels to fine strands for pantyhose. Nylon 6,10 is another important nylon with very similar properties.
  • Nylon 6, 6 is made from hexa nedioic acid and 1, 6 diamin ohexane, Nylon 6, 10 is made from decanedioic acid and 1, 6 diaminohexane.
  • Nylon-6,10 (PA610) is semicrystalline polyamide commonly used in monofilament form in applications such as bristles and brushes, due to its low moisture absorption compared to other nylons, it retains its properties better when wet.
  • All nylons are susceptible to hydrolysis, especially by strong acids, a reaction essentially the reverse of the synthetic reaction shown above.
  • The molecular weight of nylon products so attacked drops fast, and cracks form quickly at the affected zones,Lower members of the nylons (such as nylon 6,10) are affected more than higher members such as nylon 12.
  • This means that nylon parts cannot be used in contact with sulfuric acid for example, such as the electrolyte used in lead-acid batteries, When being molded, nylon must be dried to prevent hydrolysis in the molding machine barrel since water at high temperatures can also degrade the polymer.
  • Various nylons break down in fire and form hazardous smoke, and toxic fumes or ash, typically containing hydrogen cyanide, Incinerating nylons to recover the high energy used to create them is usually expensive, so most nylons reach the garbage dumps, decaying very slowly;Some recycling is done on nylon, usually creating pellets for reuse in the industry.

 

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