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  • Phenethyl alcohol (PEA) or 2-phenylethanol is a simple aromatic primary alcohol.
  • Phenethyl alcohol, is the organic compound with the formula C₆H₅CH₂CH₂OH.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is a colourless liquid occurs widely in nature, being found in a variety of essential oils, including rose, carnation, hyacinth, Aleppo pine, orange blossom, ylang-ylang, geranium, neroli, and champaca.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is slightly soluble in water (2 mL/100 mL H2O), but miscible with ethanol and ether.
  • Phenethyl alcohol may be synthesized by a variety of methods including a Friedel-Crafts reaction of benzene and ethylene oxide, and by hydro- genation of styrene oxide.
  • Phenethyl alcohol will not hydrolyze in water. As a primary alcohol, phenethyl alcohol exhibits hydrogen bonding with water.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is an alcohol with a pleasant floral odor. It is therefore a common ingredient in flavors and perfumery,
    particularly when the smell of rose is desired.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is used as an additive in cigarettes. and also used as a preservative in soaps due to its stability in basic conditions. In biology it is of  interest due to its antimicrobial properties.
  • Phenethyl alcohol, which has both hydroxyl group and aromatic ring. The odor quality of phenethyl alcohol was contributed more mainly by aromatic ring than by hydroxyl group.
  • Phenethyl alcohol occurs naturally in more than 200 foods. Quantitative natural occurrence data indicate that oral intake of  phenethyl alcohol occurs predominantly from consumption of foods such as beer, wine, whiskey, olive oil, grapes, green and black tea, apple juice and coffee.
  • Phenethyl alcohol  has been estimated that approximately 700,000 kg of phenethyl alcohol is consumed annually as a natural component of foods.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is the main component of rose oil and is also found in neroli oil, ylang-ylang oil, carnation oil, and
    geranium oils.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is used as a fragrance ingredient because of its rose-like odor in a wide variety  of consumer products ranging from hydro alcoholic (typically in 70% ethanol) type products such as colognes and eaux de toilette, to cosmetics, soaps and detergents.
  • Phenethyl alcohol is also used as a flavor ingredient with an annual volume of use reported to be 2500 kg/year in the USA and 9900 kg/year in Europe.

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