Phytoanticipins                                                                     Synthesis, Report, Safety, Study                             

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  • Preformed antimicrobial compounds are called phytoanticipins
  • Phytoanticipins are unique as they are preformed, rather than being synthesized from remote precursors after pathogen infection (phytoalexins)
  • Phytoanticipins has 2 classes constitutive: saponins (glycosylated antimicrobials) inactive precursors processed after tissue damage or pathogen attack (cyanogenic glycosides and glucosinolates)
  • Fruits contain secondary metabolites with antifungal properties, called phytoanticipins..
  • Phytoalexins and phytoanticipins serve both structural and metabolic functions in disease resistance
  • Phytoalexins and phytoanticipins can be as low molecular weight antimicrobial compounds that are synthesized by plants. The major function of PAL is to catalyze phytoalexins and phytoanticipins production and thereby reduce disease severity
  • Phytoanticipins are high energy and carbon consuming and exhibit fitness cost under natural conditions, but recognized as the first line of chemical defense that potential pathogens have to overcome.
  • Phytoanticipins seem adequate for therapeutic use.
  • Phytoanticipins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi and plants
  • Phytoanticipins are preformed antifungal secondary metabolites present in the healthy plants. For example, glucosinolates are stored in vacuoles
  • The ultimate objective of investigations studying the relevance of phytoanticipins and phytoalexins in the plant defence response is to develop biotechnological applications in crop protection. Some of the above described phytoalexins provide a potentially interesting weapon to be used in agricultural techniques.

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