Ytterbium

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  • Ytterbium is a chemical element with symbol Yb and atomic number 70.It is a bright, soft, silvery-white metal that is both ductile as well as malleable.

  • It is a one of the rare earth metals and the metal tarnishes quickly in air and reacts slowly with water.

  • It is not found free in nature but is found in a number of minerals: mainly monazite, gadolinite euxenite and xenotime.

  • Under very high physical stress ytterbium’s electrical resistance increases by an order of magnitude.
    Ytterbium has 30 isotopes whose half-lives are known, with mass numbers 151 to 180.

  • It is used in alloys and is added to stainless steel to improve grain refinement and strength and its compounds are also used as catalysts in the organic chemical industry.

  • It forms in temperatures of minus 13 degrees Celsius and 795 degrees Celsius.

  • It reacts with cold waters & temperatures very slowly but will transpose and react to warm temperatures and climates quicker than most elements utilized in the scientific community.

  • In spite of the production of ytterbium being small it does have uses that common folk are probably not privy to.

  • It is extremely irritating to the eyes and skin and also is an environmental safety risk as its components and dust are flammable and can explode without notice.

  • Ytterbium fiber lasers operating at the 1070 nm wavelength are perfect for laser cutting.

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