- On May 11, 2009 the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) revoked regulations that
permitted small residues of the pesticide carbofuran on food
starting in December of 2009.
- Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide
that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards. EPA’s action
will eliminate residues of carbofuran in food, including all
imports, in a move to protect people, especially children, from
- Carbofuran is among the most
highly toxic pesticides known to birds. A single granule is lethal,
and more than fifty species, including Bald and Golden Eagle,
Eastern Bluebird, Great Horned Owl, Red-tailed Hawk, Kestrel,
Northern Pintail, and Blue-winged Teal, have been documented as
having died from carbofuran poisoning.
- It is extremely toxic to birds,
fish, and bees.
- No cases of human lethality have
been reported as a result of carbofuran exposure. However, there
were cases of carbofuran intoxication in applicators and formulators
primarily following inhalation . Symptoms from inhalation exposure
included mild and reversible symptoms of acetylcholinesterase
depression such as malaise, sweating, light-headedness, nausea,
blurred vision, hypersalivation, and vomiting.
- These symptoms were observed
within two hours of exposure and the affected persons apparently
recovered completely within five to six hours without treatment, or
within the half hour with atropine.
- No reports of longer-term
epidemiological studies on the effects of carbofuran have been
flammable. Toxic dust and irritating fumes may be produced during
fires.Extinguish small fires with carbon dioxide, dry chemical,
water spray or standard foam.
- For larger
fires, use dry chemical, "alcohol" foam, Halon, or carbon dioxide to
fight fire.Fire may produce irritating or poisonous vapours (toxic
oxides of nitrogen), mists or other products of combustion.
Fire-fighters and others that may be exposed should wear full
protective clothing and selfcontained breathing apparatus.
use has expanded to such United States crops as bananas, pumpkins,
cucumbers, watermelons, cantaloupes, squash, dry harvested
cranberries, and spinach grown for seed. Carbofuran is registered to
be used on sugar cane, rice, corn, alfalfa, cotton, and grapes in
California. The reported quantity of carbofuran used in California
in 1995 was 248,061 pounds.
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