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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Carbon disulphide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2. The compound is used frequently as a building block in organic chemistry as well as an industrial and chemical non-polar solvent.
  • Carbon disulphide is made for commercial use by combining carbon and sulfur at very high temperatures.
  • Pure carbon disulphide is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor that is like the smell of chloroform. The impure carbon disulphide that is usually used in most industry processes is a yellowish liquid with an unpleasant odor.
  • Carbon disulfide is a natural product of anaerobic biodegradation.It is also synthesized via the catalyzed reaction between sulfur and methane at 600 C.

Uses

  • Carbon disulphide used for fumigation in airtight storage warehouses, airtight flat storages, bins, grain elevators, railroad box cars, shipholds, barges and cereal mills.
  • Carbon disulphide is used majorly for the manufacture of viscose rayon. Viscose is manufactured by the action of carbon disulphide and caustic soda oncellulose.
  • Carbon disulphide is also used in the cold vulcanization of rubber and in making rubber accelerators and floatation chemicals.
  • Various mixtures of carbon disulphide have been used fumigation e.g, with pyridine and nitrobenzene, with potassium thiocarbonate, with CCl4 and monochlorobenzene emulsions with water etc. Typically, carbon disulphide is employed in fumigants in admixture with chlorinated hydrocarbons.

Report

  • Important areas where carbon disulfide is being used are in the production of rubber chemicals (predominantly as vulcanization accelerators) and agricultural chemicals (as fumigants).
  • Asia, including Japan, accounted for about 72% of world production and nearly 75% of world consumption of carbon disulfide. China is the dominant global player in this industry, with some 49% of global consumption, followed by India (13%).
  • The overall carbon disulfide market will depend on sustainable growth in the fibers application, which on a global scale is expected to be about 4.0% during 20102015.
     

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