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  • Disinfectants are substances that are applied to non-living objects to destroy microorganisms that are living on the objects.Disinfection does not necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially nonresistant bacterial spores; it is less effective than sterilisation, which is an extreme physical and/or chemical process that kills all types of life.

  • Disinfectant types include Air Disinfectants, Alcohols, Aldehydes, Oxidizing Agents , Phenolics, Quaternary ammonium compounds, Silver, Copper alloy surfaces.

  • Disinfection was first introduced by Lister who introduced "carbolic acid" (phenol), the first disinfectant. Today disinfectants are widely used in the health care, food and pharmaceutical sectors to prevent unwanted microorganisms from causing disease.

  • Disinfection is defined as a process that eliminates many if not all pathogenic organisms. Most agricultural, veterinary and food users are aiming for disinfection since their facilities are not designed for sterilization.

  • Disinfectants depend on binding or reaction with bacterial cell membranes to kill microorganisms. Disinfectant chemicals are not selective, formaldehyde will react with any acceptor not just microbial proteins, similar observations have been made for all the other disinfectant chemicals.

  • A perfect disinfectant would also offer complete and full microbiological sterilisation, without harming humans and useful forms of life, be inexpensive, and non-corrosive.

  • Disinfection of drinking-water is essential if we are to protect the public from outbreaks of waterborne infectious and parasitic diseases. The main disinfectants are free chlorine, chloramines, chlorine dioxide and ozone.

  • Ozone is the most efficient disinfectant for all types of microorganism.

  • Chlorine for disinfection typically is used in one of three forms: chlorine gas, sodium hypochlorite, or calcium hypochlorite.

  • The US disinfectant and antimicrobial chemical market will grow five percent annually through 2009 based on concerns about bacterial and pathogenic threats. Phenolic compounds, iodophors, nitrogen compounds and organometallics will remain the top products. The dominant disinfectant segment will outpace antimicrobials.

  • Disinfectant and anti-microbial chemical demand will increase 3.6%/year, to $1.2 billion in 2013.

  • Growth will be driven by consumer fears of pathogens in food and around the home, as well as by an expected rebound in production of coatings, plastics, and other key end-products.

  • Demand for disinfectants that sanitize food preparation surfaces especially are gaining traction, given the high risks associated with foodborne pathogens and bacterial and viral food related infections.

  • There is also increased usage of disinfectant chemicals in various conventional cleaning products. Increased consumer focus on meeting safety, social, and self-actualization needs, especially by enabling safe food storage, eliminating pests and insects, disinfecting household surfaces, controlling garbage in a hygienic manner and by improving sanitary conditions are driving gains for disinfectants in the consumer segment.

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