Duck rearing

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  • Ducks are raised in sheds which vary from naturally ventilated (open-sided) sheds to fully enclosed climate controlled tunnel ventilated houses. So, Commercial duck meat production is a full-time specialized business which  requires significant investment in both time and money.
  • The Australian industry processes 8 million birds annually and is worth an estimated amount of $100 million. The major breeds available for meat production in Australia are Pekin, Mallard ducks, Muscovy, Aylesbury, Runner and Rouen and crosses of these breeds. The Pekin duck (Anas Domesticus) is the one predominant breed which is used for meat production in Australia.
  • Similar to chicken meat operations, the capital investment and development costs for duck farming depends on some factors, including Land prices, Size of the enterprise, Service and Infrastructure, Application requirements and Design considerations.
  • For a duck plant of the size indicated 10 acres of land should be ample. In figuring on the amount of housing required for this number of breeding ducks, it is necessary to figure on 2-1/2 to 3 square feet of floor space per bird, 3 square feet being better than 2-1/2. This would require a housing space 20 feet deep by 120 feet long.
  • An adequate water supply is must. This will consist of a well or spring furnishing an ample amount of water, a power pump and a water supply tank. And also make sure to provide adequate heating, especially if you are rearing ducklings.
  • Investment in the business exclusive of working capital, i.e., the money in the land and buildings and other equipment would require under present conditions about $1,000 for each thousand ducks marketed. In other words, in a plant of this size, close to $30,000 would be invested.
  • Make your farm not smaller than 3.5 to 4 sq. ft for every duck as this will give enough space for the ducks to move freely. As they grow, they need more space, so better plan to build a shelter that will not hinder their movement as they are growing.
  • Maintain enough number of ducks in a coop as this will reflect good output during the harvest time.
  • Seafood like shrimps, fishes, clamps, shells etc. are the most common and very nutritious food for ducks. However if these are not available, you may give them a combination of feeds and chicken laying mass. To increase their egg production, give your egg laying ducks with supplementary feed.
  • It is said that more than 22 million ducks are being raised in the US each year.

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