- Leather is a durable
and flexible material created via the tanning of putrescible animal
rawhide and skin, primarily cattlehide. It can be produced through
different manufacturing processes, ranging from cottage industry to
- Hides and skins are
the basic raw materials for the leather industry, which originate
from the source of livestock.
- Animal skins are
converted to leather in an eight step process as follows Unhairing,
Liming, Deliming and Bateing, Pickling, Tanning, Neutralising,
Dyeing and Fat Liquoring, Drying and finally Finishing.
- The chemicals used in
the leather industry can be divided into three broad categories:
Pre-tanning Chemicals, Tanning Chemicals, Finishing Chemicals.
- Pre-tanning chemicals
are used to clean and prepare skins for the tanning process and they
are mostly washed away with the wastewater.
- Tanning chemicals
react with the collagen fibers of the skin to convert them into
leather. These chemicals are retained in the skin but a good amount
of these is discharged into wastewater. Chrome Sulphate is the basic
- Finishing chemicals
are used to impart certain properties to the leather like softness,
color, appearance etc.
- The leather industry
in India has many distinct advantages—strong raw material base,
skilled workforce, competitive wage levels and improved awareness of
global trade requirements. It has been identified as a thrust area
Entrepreneur who want the
information can email us to
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