Methanol to Gasoline

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  • The mobile MTG (Methanol to Gasoline) process converts methanol to high octane unleaded Gasoline
    using a zeolite catalyst. The process, which would be the first commercial production in the world, would supply one-third of the domestic gasoline demand 22% of its total fuel requirements in 1986, when the plant was in full operation.
  • Mobile Oil invested heavily into researching and producing H ZSM-5, a zeolite catalyst for the Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) Process. It's an efficient process that results in about a 98 percent conversion.
  • Basically, two parts of methanol are run over a catalyst to produce one part gasoline, and one part water. A large plant was built in New Zealand in 1985 which was put into production for 10 years which proved it could work.
  • The Mobil MTG process was said to be able to able to produce a barrel of synthetic gasoline for US 23 dollar.
  • The thermal efficiency of the MTG reaction alone is 95%.In comparison with other synthetic gasoline process, the MTG process in the Synfuel production also has great economical potential. The MTG process would give significant cost advantages over the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, another prominent process for synthetic gasoline.
  • Plant models for the coal-to-MTG and natural gas- to-MTG process were developed using Aspen Plus (Aspen 2006).
  • For the natural gas-to-MTG cases, natural gas composition was taken from data published by Northwest Gas Association. Capacity for the plant was set at 11,023 ton/day of methanol, which corresponds to dual 5,512 ton/day methanol plants. Final product rate for these cases was 38,750 bbl/day of liquid products (gasoline plus liquefied petroleum gas [LPG]).
  • Air separation in the conventional natural gas-to-MTG case is identical to that of the conventional coal-to-MTG case.
  • Power production in the conventional natural gas-to-MTG case is identical to that of the conventional coal-to MTG case.

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