- Nitrocellulose (also:
cellulose nitrate, flash paper) is a highly flammable compound
formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or
another powerful nitrating agent. When used as a propellant or
low-order explosive, it is also known as guncotton.
plasticized by camphor was used by Kodak, and other suppliers, from
the late 1880s as a film base in photograph, X-ray films and motion
picture films; and was known as nitrate film. After numerous fires
caused by unstable nitrate films, safety film started to be used
from the 1930s in the case of X-ray stock and from 1948 for motion
- The use of
nitrocellulose film for motion pictures led to the requirement for
fireproof projection rooms with wall coverings made of asbestos. The
US Navy shot a training film for projectionists that included
footage of a controlled ignition of a reel of nitrate film, which
continued to burn when fully submerged in water.
- Unlike many other
flammable materials, nitrocellulose does not need air to keep
burning as the reaction produces oxygen. Once burning, it is
extremely difficult to extinguish. Cellulose is treated with
sulfuric acid and potassium nitrate to give cellulose mononitrate.
This was used commercially as Celluloid, a highly flammable plastic
used in the first half of the 20th Century for lacquers and
- A nitrocellulose
slide, nitrocellulose membrane or nitrocellulose paper is a sticky
membrane used for immobilizing nucleic acids in Southern blots and
northern blots. It is also used for immobilization of proteins in
Western blots and Atomic Force Microscopy for its non-specific
affinity for amino acids.
- Nitrocellulose is
widely used as support in diagnostic tests where antigen-antibody
binding occur, e.g., pregnancy tests, U-Albumin tests and CRP.
Glycine and chloride ions make protein transfer more efficient.
Nitrocellulose lacquer is also used as an aircraft dope, painted
onto fabric-covered aircraft to tauten and provide protection to the
- Nitrocellulose is
produced by causing cellulose to react with nitrating acid (a
mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid). Following complex washing
and stabilizing stages, damping agents (alcohols or water) or
plasticizers are added to the nitrocellulose which is then marketed
as Walsroder Nitrocellulose or Walsroder NC-Chips.
wants the information on
General, Suppliers, Product,
Process, Application, Company,
MSDS, Study can Email us to