SIMAZINE    

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Information @ a Glance

Introduction
  • Simazine is a herbicide of the triazine class. The compound is used to control broad-leaved weeds and annual grasses.
  • It is available in the formulations of wettable powder, water dispersible granule, liquid, and granular.
  • Trade names are Princep, Aquazine (58)
  • Simazine is moderately soluble (3,5 mg/L) and has a low tendency to be absorbed to organic matter or into the soil, although it can adsorb to clay particles.
  • Therefore Simazine highly mobile and can leach into ground water systems.

Uses

  • Simazine is used as a pre-emergence herbicide used for control of broad-leaved and grassy weeds on a variety of deep-rooted crops such as artichokes, asparagus, berry crops, broad beans, citrus, etc., and on non-crop areas such as farm ponds and fish hatcheries.
  • Its major use is on corn where it is often combined with AAtrex. Other herbicides with which simazine is combined include: paraquat, on apples, peaches; Roundup or Oust for noncrop use; Surflan on Christmas trees; Dual on corn and ornamentals.

Report

  • Relative to atrazine and metolachlor, simazine is used on a wider variety of crops—including corn (about 40 percent of total use), citrus orchards (about 35 percent), and other orchards and vineyards (about 20 percent).
  • Simazine was generally detected more frequently than atrazine and metolachlor in Florida and California, which is consistent with its higher use in orchards and vineyards in those areas.
  • The simazine-degradate and aldicarb degradate concentrations were generally highest and most variable at sites with shallow water tables and from shorter sampled zones (10-ft-long screened intervals) near the water-table interface.
  • In three studies in rats, no teratogenic effects were noted at levels below those that produced maternal toxicity.
  • No adverse reproductive effects were observed in a three-generation study in albino Charles River rats receiving 50 or 100 ppm simazine in the diet.
  • No simazine residues were found in corn grain or pinto bean pods, while trace amounts were found in pinto bean foliage and cucumbers.

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