- Feed Additives is an
Ingredient that alters production, metabolism, digestion…..that is not
itself a nutrient. Some Common Feed Additives Sodium bicarbonate,
Magnesium oxide, Yeast culture, Direct Fed Microbials, Niacin, Zinc-Methionine,
Ionospheres, Biotin. Four factors can be considered to determine
if a feed additive should be used: anticipated response, economic
return, available research, and field responses.
- Several feed
additives contain nutrients such as sodium in sodium bicarbonate or
protein in yeast culture. Feed additives are not a requirement or
guarantee for high productivity or profitability. Animal feed accounts
for a huge proportion of the world’s harvest – estimates range from one
third to nearly half. A range of crops can be used in animal feed, the
most common are Soya, maize, oilseed rape and cotton seeds.
Cross-contamination of animal feed in the mill was a serious concern
for the industry, even before the BSE period. A number of possible
opportunities for the occurrence of low-level cross-contamination
existed, not only during compounding of the feed, but also during
manufacture and delivery of the raw materials, and during delivery
of the finished product.
- Enzymes work in
various industrial production processes breaking more complex
compounds into simpler ones. In the animal feed industry, enzymes
are used for improved animal feed conversion. All feeds with high
levels of added copper never to be followed by a feed for sheep. All
feeds containing monensin never to be followed by feed for horses.
- Feed additives
and management tools such as bST (bovine somatotropin) play an
essential role in enhancing production and yield of milk and milk
components. The need for a particular feed additive and its
effectiveness depend upon a variety of factors. Feeding strategies
that optimize rumen function result in maximum milk production and
milk component percentages and yield.
adequate quality control of drug testing and production processes
requires the ability to rapidly and efficiently extract prepared
animal feed products. Current sample extraction techniques are labor
and time intensive, and are often responsible for communication
delays between manufacturing and quality control.
- Today, over 250
companies market a wide range of feed additives, tonics, vitamin
supplements, antibacterials, anthelmintics, biologicals, enzymes,
herbals, antibiotics, probiotics and others. However, almost 70% of
this market is controlled by 15 companies who have leveraged their
marketing and distribution strengths to tap the market
potential. They are bullish about the growth in consumption
considering the growth trends in the poultry and dairy
- Europe, Asia and
North America are the leading consumers of animal feed while swine
is the largest type of meat produced followed by poultry. An
interesting point to note is that disease outbreaks such as avian
flu, mad cow or foot and mouth disease have little impact on global
demand dynamics since consumption does not cease but shifts from one
species to another.
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