paper is used in two different senses: to refer to a paper made from
the bark of the banana tree, mainly used for artistic purposes, or
paper made from banana fiber, obtained from an industrialized process,
from the stem and the non utilizable fruits. This paper can be either
hand-made or made by industrialized machine.
Handmade banana paper can be best described as a revolutionary product
which is much more sturdier than ordinary pulp paper and made from
natural, bio-degradable product. This paper is popular among those
those who appreciate the concept of using a natural paper material in
an original and organic way. The trend of using banana fibre to
manufacture handmade paper is now picking up, especially in nations
like India as the fibre of the banana tree is a sustainable resource
to manufacture paper.
Processing steps of banana paper making are: 1.Gathering of Banana
Stems, 2.Cutting of Materials, 3.Pulping by "KAMIZO" machine (simple
system using only water), 4.Making Paper (hand making method without
Papyrus’ technology includes the scientific know-how, processes,
machinery and equipment necessary to convert banana tree trunk
(scientifically known as pseudo stem, hereinafter called “BTT”) into
paper. The technology is unique and fits between the conventional pulp
& paper technology and the lumber veneering and custom wood
technologies. In short, the technology produces Banana Ply Paper, a
laminated paper product (unpulped), from the BTT.
technology turning banana waste into paper is gearing up to go
commercial. And it has several distinct market advantages — a
commercially viable cost structure, superior product and positive
environmental benefits. Recycled Paper is made from both virgin tree-fibres
and recycled fibres with one exception, and that is 100% post-consumer
paper which is made from 100% recycled fibres. Therefore, trees are
still cut to make most recycled paper.
papers are a decorative papers for creative use. Suitable for gift
boxes, gift wrapping, stationery, writing, and handmade notebooks.
Great for collage, invitations, book covers, rubber stamping, and many
other uses. Good for block printing, chine collé, and drawing. Being a
decorative paper, the banana paper is also utilized in production of
classic handmade paper products & accessories.
papermaking seems to be the only avenue for utilising sustainable
resource most appropriately. If all the banana plants were harvested
and their fibre extracted from the trunk, around 2.1 lakh tonnes of
the fibre would be available per annum, yielding 1.65 lakh tonnes of
handmade paper. Bearing in mind that India’s production of handmade
was estimated to be a mere 27,000 tonnes in 2002-03, with the main raw
material being cotton rags, this figure is staggering.
the total cost of manufacturing banana paper is as high as Rs 200 per
kg, a manufacturer often has a profit margin of Rs 200-220 per kg,
with the handmade paper selling at Rs 400-420 per kg. The paper’s
value-added products such as gift wrappers, envelopes and stationery
items fetch much higher prices.
machine reduces the drudgery, and provides a clean working environment
for the labourers. It increases the fibre production by fifty times.
The machine will provide excellent opportunity in by-product
utilization in banana, and it will come in handy when the crop gets
damaged due to cyclones and floods. It will ensure an additional
income of Rs. 7500-Rs. 12,500 per hectare for the banana growers,
according to Dr. Venkatasubramanian.
fibre is the predominant raw material used in this handicraft
manufacturing process and most of the products are made of banana
fibre entirely. A survey conducted in the Nagercoil belt showed that
four red banana plants could yield one kg of fibre as against 10
plants of the nendran variety. The fibre content is even less in
commercial varieties like robusta.
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