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Technology

  • The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word (keramikos). The term covers inorganic non-metallic materials whose formation is due to the action of heat. The word ceramic can be an adjective, and can also be used as a noun to refer to a ceramic material, or a product of ceramic manufacture. Ceramics is a singular noun referring to the art of making things out of ceramic materials.
  • The technology of manufacturing and usage of ceramic materials is part of the field of ceramic engineering. Many ceramic materials are hard, porous and brittle. The study and development of ceramics includes methods to mitigate problems associated with these characteristics, and to accentuate the strengths of the materials as well as to investigate novel applications.

Manufacturing Process

  • The new process is characterized by direct chemical bonding of monomolecular layer of organic binder on the surface of ceramics raw materials particle, and binding together of binder layers through external stimulation (Figure). Fastening raw material particles together through stronger chemical bonding by organic binder is an effective means to reduce the binder consumption in the ceramic manufacturing process.
  • The Basic Production Process of Traditional ceramics : Raw material, crushing and secondary crushing, blending, pulverization and kneading, forming, drying, firing, processing and shipment .
  • Natural raw materials contain mixtures of various components. The quality of ceramic products will deteriorate if much iron and titanium are contained, so it is necessary to use the materials containing the least of these elements. The components of the natural raw material vary according to the lot to be produced; therefore, it is essential to set up material acceptance standards to inspect chemical components, refractoriness, ignition loss and other related factors.

Market

  • The total market value of the tableware ceramic industry in 2000 is projected to rise by 7% year-on-year, and 80% of which are for the export orientation.
  • The tableware ceramic industry uses clay as the main ingredient, which can be obtained in the country, except some materials that manufacturers need to import due to a typical attribute such as bone ashes, etc. Nevertheless, the small and medium-sized manufacturers in particular currently prefer to use instant clay or compound clay in the production process owing to convenience and timeliness.
  • The export value of tableware ceramic in 1999 is expected to slump by 9.7% year-on-year to be 4,650 million baht. On volume, the export slid by 1% only amounting to 58,800 tons.
  • A total of 90-100 manufacturers have currently operated in the tableware ceramic industry. Most of them are small and medium-sized. The tableware industry is the oriented-export production, accounting for above 70%.

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