chickpea (Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian
pea, ceci bean, bengal gram, hummus, chana, kadale kaalu ,
sanaga pappu , shimbra) is an edible legume of the family
Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
are a helpful source of zinc, folate and protein.
mature in 3-7 months and the leaves turn brown/yellow during
maturity Chickpea or Chana, as it is popularly know in India, is
a native to the Middle East and has been grown traditionally
throughout the semi-arid regions of India and the Mediterranean.
of chickpeas can take place when the seed moisture is 18%.It may
test dry after harvest, but it takes some time for the moisture
in the large seed to equalize across the entire seed.
world’s total production of chickpeas hovers around 8.5 million
metric tons annually and is grown over 10 million hectares of
producers of chickpea include India, Pakistan, and Mexico.
Turkey, Mexico, Iran, Australia and Canada are the main
Mediterranean, South Asian and South American countries are the
domestic demand of chickpea is so large that after it being the
largest producer of chana, India is also the largest importer of
chana in the world.
seeds are eaten fresh as green vegetables, parched, fried,
roasted, and boiled; as snack food, sweet and condiments; seeds
are ground and the flour can be used as soup, dhal, and to make
bread; prepared with pepper, salt and lemon it is served as a
- Chick pea
flour is used as a batter to coat various vegetables and meats
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