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Information @ a Glance

General Information

  • Datura stramonium also called dhatura is an erect annual herb, on average 30 to 150 cm (1-5 feet) tall with erect, forking and purple stems.
  • Datura stramonium is the botanical name of the plant more commonly known as jimsonweed. Other common names for jimsonweed include angel's trumpet, devil's trumpet, jamestown weed, loco weed, moonflower, and thorn-apple.
  • It contains tropane alkaloids that are sometimes used as a hallucinogen. The active ingredients are atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine which are classified as deliriants, or anticholinergics.

Processing

  • The commercial drug as imported into Great Britain consists of the leaves and young shoots, collected while the plant is in flower, and subsequently dried, and containing the shrivelled, bristly young fruits, tubular calyx, and yellowish corolla, but the official description, for medicinal purposes, permits of the use of the leaves only.

Application

  • Stramonium was used to relax the smooth muscle of the bronchial tubes, and thus it was used to treat an asthmatic's bronchial spasm.
  • Daturine was also used to treat acute mania as hyoscyamine was said to produce sleep.
  • The plant is used internally in the treatment of asthma and Parkinson's disease, excess causes giddiness, dry mouth, hallucinations and coma

Market

  • The demand for the seed is very limited, but the dry leaves find a ready market.
  • The rate of Datura Seeds in Indian National Market is 10 - 12 Rs /Kg.

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