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Information at a Glance

  • Formaldehyde is a chemical compound with the formula H2CO.
  • It is the simplest aldehyde—an organic compound containing a terminal carbonyl group
  •  Formaldehyde is an intermediate in the oxidation (or combustion) of methane as well as other carbon compounds, e.g. forest fires, in automobile exhaust, and in tobacco smoke.


  • The evaporated methanol, filtrated air and steam are fed into the mixer where theses gases are mixed uniformly, and then sent to reactor.

  • Most of the methanol is converted into formaldehyde when the mixed gas passes through the catalyst.

  • This reacted gas is immediately quenched in the waste heat boiler integrated with the reactor.

  • At the same time, the waste heat boiler recovers reaction heat to generate stem, which is effectively used as heat sources for the methanol evaporator and other heaters, and as stem supply for the mixer.


  • Formaldehyde is used in Western Canada to make resins for wood panels such as oriented strand board and medium density fibreboard.

  •  These resins are produced close to the wood panel plants and the resin plant usually include a formaldehyde plant.

  • Another use is in urea granulation.  Agrium Inc, Kenai, Redwater and Edmonton, Saskferco, Belle Plaine, and Canadian Fertilizers, Medicine Hat, each use about 3,000 t/y.


  • Formaldehyde is an important chemical used widely by industry to manufacture building materials and numerous household products.

  • In homes, the most significant sources of formaldehyde are likely to be pressed wood products made using adhesives that contain urea-formaldehyde (UF) resins.

  • Formaldehyde-based solutions are used in embalming to disinfect and temporarily preserve human remains.

  • It is the ability of formaldehyde to fix the tissue that produces the tell-tale firmness of flesh in an embalmed body.

  • Formaldehyde derivatives serve a wide variety of end uses such as wood products, plastics, and coatings.

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