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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Terminalia is a genus of large trees of the flowering plant family, Combretaceae, comprising around 100 species distributed in tropical regions of the world. This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots.
  • Arjun is known for its medicinal values in bark as a diuretic and useful for relief in symptomatic hypertension. It is considered to be a reputed cardiac tonic in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. Bark is used in about 12 Ayurvedic preparations.

Process

  • Fresh, unriped, green fruits of Terminalia catappa were collected. The fruits were cut into pieces and shade dried at room temperature. The dried fruits were subjected to size reduction to a coarse powder by using dry grinder and passed through sieve. This powder was packed into soxhlet apparatus and extracted successively with petroleum ether (6080◦), methanol, and distilled water (yield 2, 8, and 8%, respectively). All the extracts were dried at 45 ◦C in hot air oven till solid to semisolid mass was obtained and were stored in airtight containers in refrigerator below 10 ◦C. The suspensions of methanol and petroleum ether extracts were prepared by using 0.5% Tween-80 (SD fine chemicals, Mumbai, India) in normal saline and solution of aqueous extract was prepared by using normal saline as solvent for the experiment.

Market

  • Some of the Leading Ayurvedic Medicine Suppliers are Dabur India Ltd., Sri Baidyanath Ayurvedic Bhawan Ltd., Zandu Pharmaceutical Works , The Himalaya Drug Company, Charak Pharmaceuticals , Vicco Laboratories, The Emami Group, Aimil Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  • Exports of Ayurvedic medicines have reached a value of 100 million dollars a year (about 10% the value of the entire Ayurvedic industry in India). About 60% of this is crude herbs (to be manufactured into products outside India), about 30% is finished product shipped abroad for direct sales to consumers, and the remaining 10% is partially prepared products to be finished in the foreign countries (see Appendix 1 for examples of Ayurvedic distribution from India with products available worldwide).

Application

  • Clinical evaluation of this botanical medicine indicates it can be of benefit in the treatment of coronary artery disease, heart failure, and possibly hypercholesterolemia. It has also been found to be antibacterial and antimutagenic .
  • The bark and fruit of arjun are thus used for preparing certain ayurvedic preparation named in trade arjunishta, arjun-kawath, haridayarnava-rasa, arjunaghrita, etc. Arjuna foliage is utilised as fodder for cattle, especially during famine days

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