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Information @ a Glance

  • Toilet paper is a soft tissue paper product used to maintain personal hygiene by wiping the anus or vulva and cleansing between the buttocks after defecation and urination.
  • Toilet paper, which differs in composition from facial tissue, is designed to deteriorate when wet in order to keep drain pipes clear. Some types of toilet paper are designed to decompose in septic tanks, which some other bathroom and facial tissues do not. Most septic tank manufacturers advise against using paper products that are non-septic tank safe. Different names are used for toilet paper in countries around the world, including "loo roll/paper", "toilet roll", "dunny roll/paper", "bog roll", "TP," or "bathroom/toilet tissue". There are also numerous vulgar slang terms.

Manufacturing Process

  • Toilet paper is generally made from new or "virgin" paper, using a combination of softwood and hardwood trees.Hardwood trees like gum, maple and oak have shorter fibers that make a softer paper. Toilet paper is generally a combination of approximately 70% hardwood and 30% softwood. Other materials used in manufacture include water, chemicals for breaking down the trees into usable fiber, and bleaches. Companies that make paper from recycled products use oxygen, ozone, sodium hydroxide, or peroxide to whiten the paper.
  • Toilet tissue made from recycled paper is made from both colored and white stock, with staples and pins removed. The paper goes into a huge vat called a pulper that combines it with hot water and detergents to turn it into a liquid slurry. The recycled pulp then goes through a series of screens and rinses to remove paper coatings and inks. The pulp is whitened somewhat and sanitized with oxygen-based products like peroxide. It then goes through steps 7 through 10 like virgin paper products, producing a cheaper, less-white paper

Quality Control

  • Quality is usually determined by the number of plies (stacked sheets), coarseness, and durability. Low grade institutional toilet paper is typically of the lowest grade of paper, has only one or two plies, is very coarse and sometimes has small amounts of unbleached/unpulped paper embedded in it. Mid-grade two ply is somewhat textured to provide some softness, and is somewhat durable. Premium toilet paper may have lotion and wax, and has two to four plies made of very finely pulped paper.
  • Paper companies often maintain their own tree stands in order to ensure the quality of the paper they manufacture. The chemicals used in the pulping process are also carefully tested and monitored. Temperatures at which a slurry is cooked is ensured, too, by checking gauges, machinery, and processes. Completed paper may be tested for a variety of qualities, including stretch, opacity, moisture content, smoothness, and color.

Market & Report

  • Tissue has to be situated in the market of hygienic products, which is in broadly terms subdivided in: Consumer and AFH (away from home) tissues, Fluff products and Clinical products. The consumer and AFH market consists of toilet tissues, kitchen towels, napkins, table cloths, facial tissues. The consumer market represents roughly 75% of the total printed tissue market and the AFH market 25% of the printed tissue market. The ink consumption for the tissue market vary enormously, depending of the end use application but globally the average amount of ink is around 1.5 kg ink/ton tissue. A napkin will have 100% ink coverage or more but a facial tissue only 50% and kitchen rolls or toilet paper respectively 5 to 2% ink coverage.
  • Sanitary Napkins is one of the item of non-woven textile. It may come under speciality textile group. According to industry observers, India is health care industry is expected to grow around 13 % per annum. The product has very good export potentiality. The export of sanitary napkin has been increased 15% with in a span of ten years. The export of sanitary napkins from India were made to as many as 37 countries which includes countries like USA, Italy, France, Japan, Canada, Australia, Sweden, Germany and Middle East etc. Domestic demand is also increasing day by day.

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