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 Information @ a Glance

General

  • Acetone is a pleasant smelling liquid, water-white, boiling at 56.1’ C., completely miscible with water, and weighing about 6.6 pounds per gallon.
  • It is readily soluble in water, ethanol, ether, etc., and itself serves as an important solvent.
  • The most familiar household use of acetone is as the active ingredient in nail polish remover. Acetone is also used to make plastic, fibers, drugs, and other chemicals.

Production

  • The utilization of millimolar concentrations of [2- 14C]acetone and the production of acetone from acetoacetate were studied in perfused livers from 48-h starved rats.
  • It is reported Acetone production in children was derived from the relationship of blood acetone levels and acetone “turnover rates”
  • Acetone metabolism in the aerobic bacterium Xanthobacter strain Py2 proceeds by a carboxylation reaction forming acetoacetate as the first detectable product.

Application & Technology

  • A new application method of acetone is developed using a specific spray technique with an Eppendorf  ® multistepper pipette.
  • Conversion technology has been used to produce hydrogen, acetone, butanol and ethanol (ABE) by fermentation, production properties were studied by using many bacteria, Enterobacter aerogenes, Clostridium butyricum, C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4, micro flora from POME reservoir, etc.

Market

  • More than 90 percent of US acetone is produced as a coproduct with phenol through cumene peroxidation in the manufacture of phenol. About 0.62 pounds of acetone is produced per pound of phenol.
  • Global acetone capacity increased rapidly in the mid 1980s, which reached 6,700kt/yr in 2004 with an annual growth of 4% on average. Asia enjoyed the fastest 20% growth with most new capacity seen in China.

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