- Aloe vera (syn.
A. barbadensis Mill., A. vulgaris Lam.) is a species of Aloe, native
to northern Africa.
- Aloe, a popular
houseplant, has a long history as a multipurpose folk remedy.
- Aloe vera plant
can be separated into two basic products: gel and latex.
- Aloe vera gel is
the leaf pulp or mucilage, a thin clear jelly-like substance
obtained from the parenchymal tissue that makes up the inner portion
of the leaves
- Aloe latex,
commonly referred to as "aloe juice," is a bitter yellow exudate
from the pericyclic tubules just beneath the outer skin of the
- It is a stemless
or very short-stemmed succulent plant growing to 80–100 cm tall,
spreading by offsets and root sprouts.
- Aloe vera is
relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates.
- Aloe Vera can be
cultivated on any soil for 'dry land management', sandy loamy soil
is the best suited for it.
- Aloe vera has a
long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and
subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and
for herbal medicine.
- Aloe Vera is
generally propagated by root suckers by carefully digging out
without damaging the parent plant and planting it in the main field.
Aloe Vera Product should use a process that employs the lowest
possible temperature to dry the Aloe's inner gel without subjecting
the gel to harsh conditions, i.e., freeze drying (such conditions
would kill a living plant).
The process of
harvesting, cleaning and extracting the leaves of aloe vera to
obtain Aloin, Aloe Vera Gel & Juice.
- Aloe Vera gel,
extracted from the center of the plant’s leaves, contains celluloid
matter that gives it a semisolid consistency and makes it unsuitable
for consumption unless it is purified.
- Aloe gel has been
used for topical treatment of wounds, minor burns, and skin
- The long chain
mannan polysaccharides in Aloe vera helps activate and boost the
- As an
antioxidant, aloe vera guards against damage by free radicals and
unwarranted toxins in the body. It also regulates blood pressure,
and acts in rheumatism, arthritis, and infections of the kidney, the
urinary tract and the prostate.
- Aloe has a high
enzyme content (about 92 enzymes), which makes it a rare and
valuable resource because enzymes help the body absorb basic
nutrients while also purifying it.
- Aloe Vera is
among the few medicinal plants by virtue of their extensive
medicinal, nutraceutical and other uses enjoy a major chunk of the
market across the globe.
- The major markets
for Aloe Vera and its extracts are Australia, US and the entire
The world market for
aloe based finished products is stated as around US$ 25 billions.
USA supplies the major
bulk of aloe in world market having a share of 60-65%, whereas Latin
American countries supplies 20-25% and Australia, China and India
jointly has a market share of only 10%.
- In India, Aloe
vera is largely used in cosmetic applications such as skin
moisturiser, skin cream and hair tonic.
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