Amines
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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Amines are organic compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

  • Amines are derivatives of ammonia, wherein one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by organic substituents such as alkyl and aryl groups.

  • The amines are a group of chemical compounds that have the common feature of possessing nitrogen atoms that are sp3 hybridized with three single bonds to other elements.

Process

  • Amine gas treating, also known as gas sweetening and acid gas removal, refers to a group of processes that use aqueous solutions of various amines to remove hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) from gases.

  • Amine treating is a proven technology that removes H2S and CO2 from natural gas and liquid hydrocarbon streams through absorption and chemical reaction.

  • Twenty two samples of cheeses corresponding to three different varieties of cheeses made from ewes and cows milk were used for the detection of the biogenic amines (histidine, tyramine, putrescine and cadaverine) content. The ion exchange chromatography was used for the determination of the amines.

Technology

  • The primary application of the technology has been the manufacture of chiral amines using proprietary aminotransferases (transaminases). These enzymes have been employed in the synthesis of a wide range of amines.

  • Using advanced ion exchange technology, the AmiPur, a unique and cost effective on line amine purification system was developed and introduced to the Petroleum Industry in later. This system employs Eco-Tec.s Reciprocating Flow (RecofloTM) Ion Exchange technology.

Market

  • US demand for amines will grow 3.0 percent per year through 2010 to 2.8 billion pounds valued at $2.9 billion. Growth will be driven by new applications (such as wood preservatives), fast-growing niches (such as glyphosate herbicides) and higher surfactant loadings in detergents and personal care products.

  • Ethanolamines are the largest amine type by production volume, and will continue to show the fastest growth through 2010 despite moderating from the 2000-2005 pace.

  • Fatty amines will see slower growth as their major applications, most notably as surf detergents and cleaning products, have reached maturity. Maturity will also hamper growth for alkylamines, as sluggishness in their key agriculture and water treatment markets will cause them to post the slowest gains of any amine type.

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