Technology, Products, Market,
Manufacturing Process, Trade Leads, Company Profiles, Equipment
Primary Information Services
are an important ingredient in many winter desserts, for example apple
pie, apple crumble, apple crisp and apple cake. They are often eaten
baked or stewed, and they can also be dried and eaten or re-constituted
(soaked in water, alcohol or some other liquid) for later use. Puréed
apples are generally known as apple sauce. Apples are also made into
apple butter and apple jelly. They are also used cooked in meat dishes.
apple slice industry is based on familiar varieties such as Jonathan,
Idared, Golden Delicious, and Northern Spy. Many new apple varieties and
advanced selections may have potential for use in processing as apple
Ethylene-forming enzyme (EFE) was isolated from apple fruit tissue.
The enzyme activity in the homogenate is associated with the pellet
fraction and can be solubilized with Triton X-100 or
Citrus albedo and apple pomace are rich in pectic substances and
important raw materials for pectin production all around the world.
Pectin is widely used as a functional ingredient in the food
industry due to its ability to form aqueous gels and has been used
in jams and jellies, fruit preparations, fruit drink concentrates,
fruit juice, desserts and fermented dairy products
Production and Trade
present there are 25 apple producing countries in the world who lend
a significant contribution to the global trade in fresh apple and
processed apple products. These countries are categorised in three
major global regions such as northern hemisphere, southern
hemisphere and E.U.
The world production of apple at present is about 45 mill. tonnes,
71% of which is consumed as fresh apple while about 20% is processed
into value added products of which 65% are processed into Apple
Juice Concentrate (AJC) and the balance quantity into other products
which include packed natural RTS apple juice, apple wine and cider,
apple purees and jams, dried apple products etc.
India is the ninth largest producer in the world with a production
quantity of about 1.30 million tonnes of fresh apple but produces
only 4500 tonnes per annum of AJC which is equivalent to about 0.64%
of the total world production.
The production of AJC however is a capital intensive proposition, as
for processing of about 20,000 tonnes per annum of fresh apple into
roughly 2,000 tonnes of AJC of 70-720 brix, the capital cost is
estimated to be Rs.30.00 crores approximately, which would mean an
overhead of financial expense i.e. interest and depreciation
equivalent to Rs.30,000/- (US$ 612) approximately per ton of AJC,
which the export at present is simply impossible.
The market survery has also revealed that the all India weighted
average of consumption of apple, jam and apple juice in the country
stand at 31%, 25% and 9% respectively. Similarly the consumption
pattern in the star hotels in the country stand at 21% for apple,
35% for jam and 7% for juice respectively.
the United States, the apple juice processing sector receives about
half of all the apples produced domestically for processing. The
price difference between fresh-market apples and processing apples
has grown wider since the 1980s
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