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Information @ a Glance

General
  • Bermuda grass, native to Africa, occurs throughout the world in tropical to warm temperate climates between 45 degrees north and 45 degrees south latitude.  In the United States Bermuda grass is most common in the subtropical regions from southern California east to the Gulf Coast and southeastern states.  It is adventives north to Washington, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Iowa, Michigan, New York, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire .Populations occurring in cool temperate climates may be winter hardy cultivars
  • Hybrid bermudagrass variety to be available in seeded form. Seed is produced much like hybrid seed corn, but instead of two inbred parent lines, two self-incompatible but cross-fertile parent clones are planted in alternating rows. The specific combining ability of these two elite parent clones is what makes hybrid bermudagrass the first seeded bermudagrass that is competitive with the vegetative hybrid bermudagrass for turf grass quality, leaf texture, color, and density.

Cultivation

  • Bermudagrass seed is available in common and improved varieties, unhulled or hulled and coated. Clean, hulled seed germinates and establishes a stand most quickly and should be used. Certified hulled bermudagrass seed is pure to type, free of weeds and has high germination. Bermudagrass is a heavy user of nitrogen, and a good turf requires regular applications. Phosphates and potash in most Arizona soils are seldom limiting to bermudagrass growth, and applications of them seldom give a response.
  • Bermudagrass thrives in hot weather and full sun but performs poorly in shade. It spreads rapidly and requires frequent mowing for best appearance. It exhibits excellent drought resistance. Common (seeded) Bermudagrass is less expensive to establish than hybrid (sodded) Bermudagrass, but hybrid Bermudagrass has greater density, better weed resistance and finer texture and color.

Application & Technology

  • Bermudagrass  is the main grass of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. The usage of this grass extends across lawns, golf courses, athletic fields, bowling greens, tennis courts, home putting greens, high traffic areas and landscaping areas of all kinds. It also has great soil erosion capacity for roadsides, water banks, ditch banks, and use for low maintenance area in the full sun. 
  • The DAF technique has been used successfully to determine the phylogenetic relationships among bermu-dagrass species (Assefa et al., 1999), provide informa-tion on the origin of off-type bermudagrass cultivars (Caetano-Anolles, 1998b), and determine the fidelity of  bermudagrass commercially sold as ‘U-3’ (Anderson et al., 2001), a cultivar originally developed in the early 1930s.

Market

  • Coastal is the most adapted bermudagrass statewide. Tifton 44 will perform as well in the piedmont and decisions for use should be based on individual needs given the characteristics of each cultivar. Of the newer cultivars, Tifton 78 and Grazer show promise for South Carolina but more information is needed before recommendations can be made.
  • Publications on control of bermudagrass from the early 1920s cautioned growers against plowing with ‘European plowshares’ that fragmented the stolons and rootstocks of the perennial and dispersed the weed, and advised them to use implements which clipped the aerial parts and led to starvation of the weed, such as the cultivator with duck’s foot cutting shares

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