Biscuit
    Production, Manufacturing process, factories, Importers and Exporters, Current trends, Funding agency, Equipments and suppliers, Market.
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General

  • In 1885, a biscuit plant to supply nutritious tea plate-sized biscuits to the sailors on the numerous ships docking and loading in Port Natal. These were the first biscuits in the country to be made by a machine.
  • India is considered as the third largest producer of Biscuits after USA and China.
  • The major Brands of biscuits are - Brittania, Parle Bakeman, Priya Gold,Elite,Cremica, Dukes, Anupam, Horlicks, Craze, Nezone, besides various regional/State brands.
  • The per capita consumption of biscuits in our country is only 2.1 Kg., compared to more than 10 kg in the USA, UK and West European countries and above 4.25 kg in south cast Asian countries, Le. Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Indonesia etc.

Process

  • Recipe from the New Zealand Edmond’s Cookbook- 125g Flour, plain 150g Sugar1 cup Coconut 1 cup Rolled Oats (also known as flaked oats)100g Butter 1 tablespoon Golden syrup1/2 teaspoon Bicarbonate of Soda 2 tablespoons Water, boiling Mix together flour, sugar, coconut and rolled oats. Melt butter and golden syrup. Dissolve Bicarbonate Soda in the boiling water and add to butter and golden syrup. Make a well in the centre of flour, stir in the liquid. Place in spoonfuls on a greased tray. Bake 15-20 minutes at 180°Celsius/350° Fahrenheit.

  • Wheat flour along with other ingredients is mixed with water and dough is prepared. Then it is kept at a normal room temperature for about couple of hours to allow proper fermentation. Then it is placed in biscuit moulding trays and these trays are placed in oven for baking. After requisite baking, trays are taken out, cooled and biscuits are packed.

Current Trends

  • The labscale tests and software programmes developed by QPMprovide the important link between the properties of the powder ,processing conditions and manufacturing performance.

  •  These tools will be in valuable both at the equipment design stage and during day-to-day production to prevent problems and provide solutions associated with powder handling.

Manufacturing

  • China has a per capita consumption of 1.90 kg, while in the case of Japan it is estimated at 7.5 kg. The average utilization of installed capacity by biscuit manufacturers in the country has been a dismal 60% over the last decade up to 2001-02.
  • The annual turnover of the organized sector of the biscuit manufacturers (as at 2001-02) is Rs. 4,350 crores.
  • In terms of volume biscuit production by the organized segment in 2001-02 is estimated at 1.30 million tonnes.

Market

  • Imported packaged biscuits, mostly from Iran, Pakistan and India, are found in every corner shop, grocery stores, vendors with carts and supermarkets.

  • Bakery owners indicated that biscuits were a rapidly growing market and biscuit consumption was increasing rapidly( Quentin Johnson 2003.) School aid programs now use biscuits imported from India.• An automatic biscuit factory located in Kabul, to produce wrapped soft or hard biscuit, would be a “First to Market.

  • Baked goods remained the largest sector, in both volume and value terms. Despite typically low profit margins, baked goods saw burgeoning value growth in 2000, with sales driven by busier lifestyles, especially among urban consumers throughout the region. The consistent popularity of artisanal products across national markets.

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