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- Butanol or
butyl alcohol , is a primary alcohol with a 4 carbon structure and the
molecular formula of C4H10O.
belongs to the higher alcohols and branched-chain alcohols.
- It is
primarily used as a solvent, as an intermediate in chemical synthesis, and
as a fuel.
- The most
common process starts with propene, which is run through an
hydroformylation reaction to form butanal, which is then reduced with
hydrogen to butanol.
- Butanol can
also be produced by fermentation of biomass by bacteria.
Acetone-butanol fermentation was once run commercially in many
countries until these chemicals could be made more cheaply from fossil oil
- Data from
the National Pollutant Release Inventory indicate that releases of
n-butanol have remained relatively constant.
- A large
part of the n-Butanol produced is converted into derivatives (primarily
esters) for use as solvents in the coatings industry.
is an eminently suitable solvent for acid-curable lacquers and baking
finishes derived from urea (Plastopal), melamine (Luwipal), or phenolic
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