- Capsicum is a genus of plants from the nightshade family (Solanaceae) native to the Americas.
- They are commonly called chili pepper, capsicum, red or green pepper, or sweet pepper in Britain, and typically just capsicum in Australia and Indian English.
- The fruit of most species of Capsicum contains capsaicin (methyl vanillyl nonenamide), a lipophilic chemical that can produce a strong burning sensation in the mouth of the unaccustomed eater.
- The fruit is also said to have antihemorrhoidal, antiseptic, and antirheutmatic properties and to be good for digestive, sinus, and stomach conditions.
Planting and Cultivation
- Sweet pepper requires cool weather for best fruit quality, in low elevations, however, planting is the best from October to December. In mid and high elevations, it can be grown throughout the year.
- Sweet pepper should not be grown on the same soil year after year because of disease problems.
- The fruit can be used raw or cooked. It is normally used as a flavoring.
- The fruit can also be dried and ground into a powder for use as a flavoring.
- The seeds are also dried, ground and used as a pepper and the leaves can be cooked as a potherb.
- There is some evidence that capsaicin may be useful in managing post-surgical pain from mastectomy, thoracotomy (chest surgery), amputation, and other surgery related to mainstream cancer treatment.
- Researchers have found that capsaicin may provide temporary relief for pain from mouth sores caused by chemotherapy and radiation.
- Capsicum pepper (Sweet) growing in India is of recent interest due to high demand for fast food dishes in Hotels and modern Restaurants.
- Capsicum are used in 3 Star and 5 Star Hotels for variety of food preparations, extraction natural colors and preparing oleoresins and oils, also it is most common for preparation of variety of Pizzas.
- Capsicum trade has become a lucrative business for global trade in recent years. Saudi Arabia and South Korea are leading importers of Capsicum.