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Information @ a Glance

Introduction

  • Carbon black is a material, today usually produced by the incomplete combustion of petroleum products.
  • Carbon black is a form of amorphous carbon that has an extremely high surface area to volume ratio, and as such it is one of the first nanomaterials to find common use.
  • Carbon black is one of the major reinforcing agent imparts greater stiffness and higher ultimate tensile strength.
  • Carbon blacks are characterized by the size distribution of the primary particles and the degree of their aggregation and agglomeration.

Manufacturing Process

  • Carbon black is a commercial product manufactured by thermal decomposition, including detonation, or by incomplete combustion of carbon hydrogen compounds and has a well-defined morphology with a minimum content of tars or other extraneous materials.
  • Carbon black is produced with the thermal decomposition method or the partial combustion method using hydrocarbons such as oil or natural gas as raw material.
  • The majority of industrial Carbon Black manufacture is based on the process of continuous imperfect combustion of Carbon Black oils, such as fluidized catalytic cracking decant oil and coal tar, using reactors.
  • The various machinery required for producing carbon black are jaw crushers, Hammer mill, Reactors, Air Blowers, Electrostatic Precipitator, Conveyor Belts, Flow Meters, Recorders, Hoist, Pumps, Pelletiser, Fans, Balances etc.

Uses

  • The most common use of carbon black is as a pigment and reinforcing phase in automobile tires.
  • Carbon black is used mainly as a reinforcing material in the rubber industry. Other user areas include inks, paints, plastic and paper.
  • The present production of Carbon Black is about 1,28,600 MTA against an installed capacity (based on indigenous carbon black feed-stock) of  2/13,200 MTA.
  • Carbon black is also extensively used as colorant in coating, ink, plastic product and building sectors. Besides, carbon black is also used as raw material for electric cells and radio components.

Market

  • Steady demand from key end-user industries continues to provide sustainable business options for active carbon black manufacturers.
  • Growth in automobile demand and the subsequent increase in tyre manufacturing provide reasonable scope for increase in volume consumption, while speciality applications are likely to yield higher profit margins.
  • Carbon black remains one of the most important pigment materials today, fulfilling the role of an active functional filler or reinforcement material, reducing the stickiness and enhancing the physical properties of rubber.

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