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Information @ a Glance

Introduction

  • German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), also spelled Camomile, is an annual plant of the sunflower family Asteraceae.

  • Chamomile is sometimes known as "the plant doctor", because it is thought to help the growth and health of many other plants, especially ones that produce essential oils.

  • Chamomile is a relative of ragweed and can cause allergy symptoms and can cross-react with ragweed pollen in individuals with ragweed allergies.

  • The chief constituent of Chamaemelum have been identified as esters of angelic and tiglic, together with amyl and isobutyl alcohol's.

Extraction Process

  • Both chamomile oils  Roman chamomile oil and German chamomile oil are extracted from the flowers by steam distillation, with the Roman chamomile yielding about 1.7 % from fresh flowers and German chamomile yielding about 0.2 - 0.4 %.\
  • Extraction with liquid or supercritical CO2 is a flexible extraction technique with numerous applications for the food and beverage industry. 

Uses

  • Chamomile is used medicinally against sore stomach, irritable bowel syndrome, and as a gentle sleep aid.

  • Chamomile is valued as an antimicrobial agent.

  • Chamomile is also an excellent calming agent, well suited for irritable babies and restless children. Moreover, most children tolerate its taste.

  • Chamomile flowers are used in alternative medicine as an anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, nervine, stomachic, tonic, vasodilatory.

Market

  • Estimated world market for German Chamomile of ?3.6M is currently being met, also Roman Chamomile currently has a relatively low value on the world market which is estimated at ?2M.

  • Chamomile is a valuable dried herb, extract and essential oil. There is potential for Australia to benefit directly through import replacement, since the consumption of + 50 tonnes are not presently satisfied by less than 5 tonnes grown and dried locally.

  • Chamomile is a very versatile and useable herb for herbalists, with a very wide range of applications and as such it is considered an essential critical herb for any professional practitioner setting up their herbal dispensary. The Australian market with this herb is growing year after year.

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