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Information @ a Glance

 General
  • Chicory is the common name given to the flowering plants in genus Cichorium of the family Asteraceae. There are two cultivated species, and four to six wild species. Common chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a bushy perennial herb with blue or lavender flowers. Originating from Europe, it was naturalized in North America, where it has become a common roadside plant.
  • The roots are baked, ground, and used as a coffee substitute and additive in the plant's Mediterranean region of origin, although its use as a coffee additive is still very popular in the American South, particularly in New Orleans. It is a staple in Cajun-style red-eye gravy. Common chicory is also known as blue sailors, succory, and coffeeweed.

Growth & Processing

  • Chicory produces leafy top growth and has a thick, deep taproot giving it excellent drought tolerance and mineral extraction. Chicory has exhibited tolerance to acidity and for this reason has been successfully grown in low pH soils. Chicory must be rotationally grazed, therefore smaller and more accessible paddocks are needed.
  • Chicory roots are lifted in early spring of the second year of growth, and are then dried. The potential return per acre for chicory is higher than other crops, such as corn. A well that can provide immediate irrigation and a steady water supply throughout the growing period is a prerequisite for growing chicory since chicory seeds are planted rather deep, about 1/4 to 3/8 inch.

Applications

  • Very young leaves of Chicory can be used in salads where they add a piquant bitterness and blanched witloof can be used either in salads or as a cooked vegetable. Traditionally the herb was used as a health tonic, especially to aid liver function and was also applied externally to cure a range of ailments. It was also used in love potions.
  • There is a study of effectiveness of adding chicory beta (2-1) fructans to the diet on broiler growth performance, serum cholesterol and intestinal characteristics. Feed with 1.0% inulin (Raftifeed® IPF, which was obtained by extracting chicory roots with hot water. It is a beta (2-1) fructan with chain length varying between degree of polymerization (DP) 3 to 60

Report & Market

  • A Group is the world leader in the production and commercialisation of chicory based food ingredients. Beneo™ inulin is extracted from chicory roots and is composed of fructose chains. Inulin has good solubility and an excellent taste profile. Beneo™ inulin and Beneo™ oligofructose are recognized throughout the world as dietary fibres. The products which carry the BENEO™ symbol benefit from the approval of an independent scientific committee.
  • U.S. Chicory and Chicory USA will be the only chicory operations in the Western Hemisphere. A Person used his own resources to build the $2 million U.S. Chicory facility in 2001, said the new industry in western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming has come this far because of scientists at the Panhandle Research & Extension Center . He encouraged more study on the alternative crop that could become a permanent benefit to the entire area.
  • Chicory USA will begin construction soon on a $2 million manufacturing and roasting factory in Scottsbluff which will employ in excess of 20 skilled employees. U.S. Chicory initiated the chicory industry in the United States with the construction of a factory and began processing. The Netherlands are the most important exporter of chicory. The first field tests of genetically modified inulin chicory were conducted in the Netherlands. Today there is no genetically modified chicory on the market

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