also known as trichloroacetaldehyde, is the organic compound with
the formula Cl3CCHO.
aldehyde is a colourless oily liquid that is soluble in a wide
range of solvents.
reacts with water to form chloral hydrate, a once widely used
sedative and hypnotic substance.
- Chloral can
be produced by chlorination of ethanol.
- Aside from
its tendency to hydrate, chloral is most notable as a building
block in the synthesis of DDT.
production from pyruvate by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro was
nearly totally inhibited by chloral hydrate.
- To serve the
purpose of anaesthesia to perform various surgical exercises in
horses, chloral hydrate has been a drug of choice due to the
navailability of proper anaesthetics in field practice.
hydrate effectively produces light anesthesia and muscle
relaxation for an extended period of time, and alphachloralose
only minimally affects cardiovascular function and preserves
reflex activity remarkably well.
- Chloral was
an intermediate product for DDT production.
- On account
of its toxicological effects and the insects immunization against
it, DDT was withdrawn from production.
derivatives polish original invention are in the centre of
interest in scientific and industrial circles.
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