Clownfish and anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae
in the family Pomacentridae.
Clownfish are overall yellow, orange, reddish or blackish, and many show
white bars or patches.
largest species reach a length of 18 cm (7 in), while the smallest
barely reach 10 cm (4 in).
are generally highly host specific, and especially the genera Heteractis
and Stichodactyla, and the species Entacmaea quadricolor are frequent
Clownfish belong to a group of small, brightly colored fish called
damselfish. These inshore reef dwellers have developed a curious and
potentially deadly relationship with the sea anemone.
are a few very important steps to breeding clownfish. These include
setting up the tank, choosing the broodstock, feeding, spawning, and
raising the larvae.
anenome is generally not required to breed clownfish, however, it
certainly makes the task much easier in the long run. In fact clownfish
have been known to spawn on clay pots, clam shells, and even the
aquarium glass in the absence of an anenome.
are three basic ways to obtaining a pair of clownfish. These include: 1)
to buy a naturally mated pair captured from the wild, 2) to buy a small
group of at least four fish, and 3) to buy two fish of greatly differing
the eggs are first laid they are a bright orange. After a couple of days
the color fades and eyes appear. The male guards the nest and fans the
eggs to keep them oxygenated. Depending on the temperature, around day 8
the eyes will become silver. This means its time to hatch.
Fish are enjoying great popularity due to the movie "Finding Nemo" As
always, with aquarium Clown Fish, there is an accompanying demand for
anemones. Unfortunately, all anemones are not suited for captivity.
Anemones and Clown Fish have a well-known relationship. In the ocean,
the Clown Fish are protected from predator fish by the stinging
tentacles of the anemone.
Clownfish stay small to avoid eviction. Groups of them live in sea
anemones, and new tenants limit their growth so as not to incur the
wrath of established incumbents.
Scientists could have written an R-rated, gender-bending plot twist to
the animated hit movie “Finding Nemo”: Clownfish have a natural ability
to change their sex.
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