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Information @ a Glance

Introduction

  • The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the Family Arecaceae.
  • The coconut is the most extensively grown and used nut in the world and the most important palm.
  • The chief product is copra, the source of coconut oil used for making soap, cooking oils and margarine.

Technology and Processing

  • Coconut oil processing methods or technologies are classified into two major types: the dry and the wet processes.
  • The oil extraction technology which starts with copra as the raw material is termed as the dry process, while the method that uses fresh coconuts as starting material is generally called the wet process.
  • Coconut milk is the milky liquid extracted from the grated flesh of mature fresh coconuts or from shop-brought desiccated coconut.

Market

  • The construction industry provides the bulk of the demand for coconut lumber.
  • Indonesia is the world leader in coconut production followed by the Philippines and then India.
  • The construction industry, a vital industry in stimulating economic growth, is currently developing at a fast pace in many centuries in Asia and the Pacific creating an increasing demand for coconut lumber.
  • GLOBAL demand for coconut and coconut products has increased considerably in recent years and it is expected to continue in tune with the growth i n world population.
  • The consumption will also increase in both edible and industrial uses of coconuts.

Uses

  • Coconut milk, abundant in unripe nuts, is a refreshing and nutritious drink.
  • Coconut water can be used as an intravenous fluid.
  • Husk fibers are made into ropes, and the whole husks and shells are used for fuel.
  • Shells are also used as containers and drinking vessels.
  • It is used in the manufacture of toilet soaps, laundry soaps, surface active agents and detergents, hair tonics, cosmetics, etc.

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Primary Information Services
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