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  • Coffee is a widely consumed stimulant beverage prepared from roasted seeds, commonly called coffee beans, of the coffee plant.
  • Coffee is the most widespread drink in the world with approximately half-a-trillion cups consumed every year.
  • There are two fundamental types of coffee: espresso and regular, or non-espresso.


  • The dry process is necessary for fruit that has been harvested by stripping. Once separated from other matter such as leaves and bits of wood or pebbles, the coffee cherries are spread out in the fresh air on threshing floors to sun dry for a few days. Then, they are put through a hulling machine that frees the beans by crushing the hulls and parchment. The dry method produces "natural" green coffees, also called "unwashed" green coffees.
  • The longer and more complex wet process is mostly used for coffee cherries that are handpicked, and thus more uniform in size. Once gathered, the fruit is put into pulping machines that free the seeds in their parchment from the hulls. The beans are then fermented or "washed" in large water tanks for several days to remove any remaining decomposed pulp formed during this phase. The washed beans are then sun dried, freed from their parchment with the use of centrifugal force, then polished and electronically sorted to weed out defective beans and finally, graded for size, form and color ready for selection and shipment.


  • The tropical regions of Asia, Africa and America, extending from the Tropic of Cancer to the north and the Tropic of Capricorn to the south, provide the perfect natural habitat for Coffea plants.
  • Nearly 70% of the world's coffee is produced by the Americas while Brazil contributes 30% and Colombia 12% to the global production. Three percent of the global demand is met by Ethiopia.


  • Annual consumption of instant coffee is around 60,000 tonnes and growing at a compounded annual growth-rate of 14%.
  • Instant coffee consumption in Russia is currently pegged at 60,000 to 70,000 tonnes a year, and the consumption has been clocking a year-on-year growth of 14 per cent, making it the fastest growing instant coffee market in the world.


  • The flow of coffee describes the volume  of “green coffee” that each farm delivers to the mill, or a wet mill delivers to a dry mill. It is important to remember that flows are the total of all green coffee production, even if entities are not selling the entire coffee harvest exclusively to Starbucks.

  • Data from the 2008 NCA National Coffee Drinking Trends (NCDT) show that daily consumption of gourmet coffee beverages has jumped to an unprecedented high, with 17% of the overall adult population savoring espressos, lattes and other specialty coffees, up from 14% in 2007.

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