- Coir is a coarse fibre extracted from the fibrous outer shell of a coconut.
- Coir fibers are found between the husk and the outer shell of a coconut.
- Coir (coconut fiber) usage has become very common among professionals in various industries due to its versatility.
- Coir fibres are hard and sturdy when compared to other competing materials like jute, cotton, and even wool
- Collection and storage of husk, Feeding of husk into fibre extraction machine and extraction.
- The main equipment required are: Willowing Machine with motor, automatic coir spinning machine with motor, Rope making machine with motor, Coil winding machine, Hand tools.
- The main raw material is coconut husk.
- India and Sri Lanka are the main countries where coir is extracted by traditional methods for the commercial production of a variety of products, including brushes and brooms, ropes and yarns for nets and bags and mats, and padding for mattresses.
- Brown coir is used in floor mats and doormats, brushes, mattresses, floor tiles and sacking.
- The major use of white coir is in rope manufacture.
- The main uses of coir rope are in the construction industry for houses and industrial buildings, tying ladders, packing of large boxes and also for drawing water from wells.
- Total world coir fibre production is 250,000 tonnes. The coir fibre industry is particularly important in some areas of the developing world.
- Currently, expanding export markets for coir can be seen in the demand for erosion control mats and other geotextile applications for civil engineering, or in the demand from the automotive and mattress industries for rubberised coir pads.
- Coir industries in India and Sri Lanka have a strong export orientation with the sale of traditionally made yarn, mats, matting, rugs and carpets.