- Coke is a
solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation
of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal.
constituents of the coal include water, coal-gas, and coal-tar.
- The specific
gravity of coke is typically around 0.77. It is highly porous.
- Coke from
coal is gray, hard, and porous.
- The solid
residue remaining from refinement of petroleum by the "cracking"
process is also a form of coke.
coking is a process which converts heavy residual crude into
lighter products such as naphtha, kerosene, heating oil, and
- Gas works
manufacturing syngas also produce coke as an end product, called
gas house coke.
by-product coke ovens burn the hydrocarbon off gasses produced
by the coke making process to drive the carbonization process.
- Coke is
used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in
a blast furnace.
- Coke may
be used to make fuel gases.
is produced via Steam Gasification of Petroleum Coke.
Microscopic evaluvation of coal and coke is used in
Steel had been using coke oven gas , a by-product of coke
manufacturing, as a fuel in their coke ovens, boilers, and
oven emissions are known to be human carcinogens based on
sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans that
indicates a causal relationship between exposure and cancer
economic problems which have created general indiscipline
and industrial unrest along with various operational
problems have affected the life of coke oven battery in
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