Process, Production, Cultivation, Technology, Applications, Product,
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- Coriander is a
with several branches and lacy leaves with jagged edges belonging to the
carrot family. Native to South Europe and Asia, this aromatic beautiful
herb is found in many parts of the world.
- Coriander is the
seed of a small plant. The seeds are almost spherical, one end being
slightly pointed, the other slightly flattened.
- Coriander is an
important spice crop having a prime position in flavouring food.
coriander producing countries are Canada, Morocco, India, Pakistan,
Bulgaria and Romania. Other producers are Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Israel,
China, Thailand, Poland, Hungary and the Netherlands.
- The major
producers of Indian coriander are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh,
Tamilnadu and Madhya Pradesh.
- Sow in mild, dry
weather in April, in shallow drills, about 1/2 inch deep and 8 or 9
inches apart, and cover it evenly with the soil. The seeds are slow in
germinating. The seeds may also be sown in March, in heat, for planting
out in May.
- Coriander is grown
from seed. It prefers warm dry conditions. For seed, it is sown in the
spring, needing little maintenance. Harvest in about ninety days as soon
as seeds are ripe and before they drop. An indication of ripeness is
that the seeds aroma turns pleasant. For the leaf, the seeds are sown
during the summer.
- Coriander has been
used as a folk medicine for the relief of anxiety and insomnia in
Iranian folk medicine.
- Coriander seeds
are also used in traditional Indian medicine as a diuretic by boiling
equal amounts of coriander seeds and cumin seeds, then cooling and
consuming the resulting liquid.
- In holistic and
some traditional medicine, it is used as a carminative and for general
- All parts
of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the
most commonly used in cooking.
- The amount of
coriander entering the world market was estimated at 40,000 t traded as
whole seed. Prices paid for coriander were in the range $A500–$800/t for
seed on a cleaned basis.
- Coriander yields
in western Canada range from 700 to 900 lb/ac. The spot price of
coriander has been in the range 17 to 45 cents/pound, with an active
range 19 to 25 cents/pound.
An acre of coriander
yields only Rs 1,000 to 2,000 in the market.
Development of the coriander industry has also been limited by a lack of
availability of information to new growers.
- The use of
advanced plant breeding, in conjunction with biochemical studies, could
result in high-oil, high petroselinic acid coriander varieties within
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