The botanical name of Davana is Artemisia pallens. It is known as
Davana or Davanam in Tamil, Marathi and Kannada.
Davana is mostly cultivated in the red soil regions in South India.
It comes up very well in rich loamy soils.
The extract of the flower heads and fresh leaves is the Davana
essential oil. The oil is brown in colour with a fine scent.
It finds use in perfumeries and as an anti-fungal and anti-bacterial
Oil of Davana is used in expensive perfume compositions. The oil is
also being used for flavouring cakes, pastries, tobacco and some of
the costly beverages.
Davana oil soothes rough, dry and chapped skin and stimulates the
endocrine system. Several species of Davana yield essential oil and
some are used as fodder.
Davana is widely used in Iraqi and Indian folk medicine for the
treatment of diabetes mellitus. For growing in one acre, an initial
investment of Rs.11,000 is required. In about 4 months, a net return
of Rs.7,000 can be expected through production of the herb. If
distilled, an additional profit of Rs.6,500 can be obtained from an
The demand for Davana in the global market is growing up steadily.
India is the only producer and exporter of Davana oil. The oil
produced in these areas of South India is exported mainly to western
The present country's production of Davana oil is estimated to be
around 750 to 900 kgs. per annum. A few number of units produce
Davana oil in the country to meet the requirements. In India, Davana
oil has not attained popularity because of its high price.
Nevertheless USA, Europe, Japan are showing increasing interest for
use in perfumes, cakes, pastries, tobacco and also a few of the
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