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                                         Information @ a Glance
  • Ceramics are crystalline, inorganic non-metals
  • Engineering Ceramics are high performance materials that are used for their hardness, retention of properties at high temperatures and electrical resistance properties.
  • Ceramic engineering is the technology of manufacturing and usage of ceramic materials

Manufacturing Process

  • The raw materials used to make ceramics are inexpensive and widely available, and include clay, feldspar, quartz sand, iron oxides, and alumina.
  • Ceramic forming processes may be classified as traditional - die pressing, cold isostatic pressing, slip casting and extrusion - or as new and emerging, such as injection moulding and tape casting.


  • The development of engineering ceramic manufacturing processes is to minimize defects in the sintered component and to ensure greater reliability in service.
  • CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) is the most common modern design and manufacturing technology used in ceramics manufacturing. It is used in realistic modeling design, decorative pattern design, relief design and automated machining of ceramic products.


  • Engineering Ceramics can be used in many technological industries.
  • Ceramic tiles on Space Shuttle, used to protect it and the future supersonic space planes from the searing heat of reentry into the earth's atmosphere.
  • Ceramics are also used widely in electronics and optics.
  • Ceramics are also used as a coating in various engineering cases.
  • Ceramic bearing coating over a titanium frame used for an airplane.


  • Ceramics has physical properties such as strength, hardness, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and thermal stability are considered when choosing a material. Each of these characteristics is determined by specific materials. Designers look for those materials which give the best combination of characteristics for an excellent performance.
  • Advanced ceramics are differentiated from traditional ceramics such as brick and porcelain by their higher strength, higher operating temperatures, improved toughness, and tailorable properties also known as engineered ceramics.


  • The markets for engineering ceramics (structural,environmental and process applications)were valued at 21,275 million in Europe and$1,348 million in the United States.
  • Indian Ceramic Industry can emerge as a major manufacturer/supplier in the global market. It has an annual output of 8.5 lakh metric tons. Advanced Ceramics manufacture has also been embarked upon.

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