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Information @ a Glance

General
  • The term flavonoid refers to a class of plant secondary metabolites. The Flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds possessing 15 carbon atoms; two benzene rings joined by a linear three carbon chain. Flavonoids constitute one of the most characteristic classes of compounds in higher plants. Many flavonoids are easily recognised as flower pigments in most angiosperm families (flowering plants).
  • The chemistry of flavonoids is complicated, and within the non-technical term "flavonoids" can be found many different chemical groups of substances. These groups include flavonols, dihydroflavonols, flavones, isoflavones, flavanones, anthocyanins, and anthocyanidins. Within each of these groups fall hundreds, and sometimes thousands of different flavonoids.

Functions 

  • Most flavonoids function in the human body as antioxidants. In this capacity, they help neutralize overly reactive oxygen-containing molecules and prevent these overly reactive molecules from damaging parts of cells. Particularly in oriental medicine, plant flavonoids have been used for centuries in conjunction with their antioxidant, protective properties. 
  • Scultellaria root, cornus fruit, licorice, and green tea are examples of flavonoid-containing foods widely used in oriental medicine. While flavonoids may exert their cell structure protection through a variety of mechanisms, one of their potent effects may be through their ability to increase levels of glutathione.
  • In some cases, flavonoids can act directly as antibiotics by disrupting the function of microorganisms like viruses or bacteria. The antiviral function of flavonoids has been demonstrated with the HIV virus, and also with HSV-1, a herpes simplex virus.

Applications

  • Flavonoids improve memory and concentration and are powerful free radical scavengers that can boost the effectiveness of vitamin C in the antioxidant network, regulate nitric oxide, a potent free radical that is a regulator of blood flow and keeps your heart healthy in several important ways: Prevent blood clots, Protect against oxidation of LDL (bad) cholesterol, Lowers high blood pressure, Improve sexual function in men, Reduces inflammation and bolster immune function.

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