Applications of Enzymes in Food Industry
a-amylase finds use in the baking industry. It often needs to be added
to bread-making flours to promote adequate gas production and starch
modification during fermentation.
Certain proteases have been used in food processing for centuries and
any record of the discovery of their activity has been lost in the mists
(mainly chymosin), obtained from the fourth stomach (abomasum) of
unweaned calves has been used traditionally in the production of cheese.
Similarly, papain from the leaves and unripe fruit of the pawpaw (Carica
papaya) has been used to tenderise meats.
Proteases may be used at various pH values, and they may be highly
specific in their choice of cleavable peptide links or quite
Proteolysis generally increases the solubility of proteins at their
sucrose industry is a comparatively minor user of enzymes but provides
few historically significant and instructive examples of enzyme
technology. The most familiar 'Golden Syrup' produced by acid hydrolysis
of one of the less pure streams from the cane sugar refinery but other
types of syrup are produced using yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Lactases are now used in the production of ice cream and sweetened
flavoured and condensed milks.
major application of the glucose oxidase/catalase system is in the
removal of glucose from egg-white before drying for use in the baking
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